Question: Which Of The Following Is Considered To Be A Factor Contributing To Police Corruption?

What are some of the health hazards associated with being a police officer?

The findings reveal that police officers experience daily psychological stress that puts them at an increased risk of various long-term health effects that may include cardiovascular disease, obesity, suicide, sleeplessness and cancer..

Which of the following are the three factors that contribute to police deviance?

These factors include the discretion inherent in police work, the low visibility of officers by supervisors, the low visibility by the public, the secrecy of officer peer groups, the secrecy of supervisors who were once in their subordinates’ positions, and the “status problem” characterized by low pay for officers (p.

What is the most common form of police corruption?

Police Corruption Takes Predicable forms The nature of corruption varied considerably from report to report; only a third of the commissions found the most common form (false reports and perjury).

What are the four types of corruption?

Forms of corruption vary, but can include bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, parochialism, patronage, influence peddling, graft, and embezzlement. Corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking, money laundering, and human trafficking, though it is not restricted to these activities.

What is the causes of corruption?

Among the most common causes of corruption are the political and economic environment, professional ethics and morality and, of course, habits, customs, tradition and demography.

How do police make decisions?

This entry examines what criteria police officers use to make these decisions and what community, departmental, and personal factors affect how they interpret situations, interact with citizens, decide when to stop citizens, ask for consent to search, conduct searches, informally warn suspects, arrest suspects, and …

What are grass eaters in police?

4, 65), dishonest, corrupt police officers can be classified as either “grass-eaters” or “meat-eaters.” “Meat-eaters” are police officers who aggressively misuse their police power for personal gains, while “grass-eaters” simply accept the payoffs the circumstances of police work throw their way (Knapp Commission 1972, …

How does police subculture affect officers?

Members of the law enforcement subculture share values that enable officers to survive what at times is a difficult and emotionally taxing job. … Values such as bravery, camaraderie, and sacrifice will embolden members to place themselves in harm’s way.

What is it called when a police officer lies?

Police perjury is the act of a police officer knowingly giving false testimony.

What are the four key elements of the policeman’s working personality?

Skolnick coined the term “policeman’s working personality” to explain how the police must cope with danger, isolation, authority, and suspicion.

What dangers do police officers face?

Law enforcement officers face many different dangerous and stressful situations in the line of duty. Some, such as gun violence, are obvious; others dangers (e.g., fatigue) are hidden, but common, and can greatly hinder officer performance. Officer performance is also affected by training and other factors.

What factors lead to police corruption?

A culture of corruption arises primarily from failures in four key areas: (a) recruitment, training, and promotion; (b) resources, such as pay and equipment; (c) systems of accountability within departments, courts and the law; and (d) cultural traditions that inhibit the development of professional police standards.

In which activity are police officers most likely to exercise discretion?

In which activity are police officers most likely to exercise discretion? The widest exercise of police discretion is in routine situations that involve relatively less serious violations of the law.

What are some examples of police discretion?

For instance, a person who is drunk in public could be arrested, but some officers may choose to just put him in a cab and send him home. Likewise, discretion must be used in determining how much force is needed to bring a suspect into compliance.

What innovative steps can police departments take to reduce or eliminate corruption?

The innovative steps police departments take to reduce or eliminate corruption can be improving the way departments hire and train officers in ethics and cultural awareness, collecting data to track traffic stops and other encounters with citizens, and soliciting community input through citizen review boards, ombudsmen …

What are some of the major sources of Police stress?

Excessive aggressiveness (which may trigger an increase in citizen complaints). Alcoholism and other substance abuse problems. Marital or other family problems (for example, extramarital affairs, divorce, or domestic violence). Post-traumatic stress disorder.

Is police discretion good or bad?

Inevitably, the police must use some discretion in carrying out their job. But too much discretion can be dangerous — it can promote discrimination, unpredictability and, most fatally, injustice.